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Fixed or variable mortgage? Canadians divided, even as interest rates appear set to rise: CIBC poll

TORONTO, July 10, 2018 /CNW/ - CIBC (CM:TSX) (CM:NYSE) – While the majority of Canadians (72 per cent) believe interest rates will climb over the next 12 months, only half (54 per cent) of Canadian homeowners or those planning to buy a home would opt for a fixed rate mortgage if signing the papers today, according to a new CIBC poll. The finding contrasts sharply with the current composition of mortgages among homeowners polled, 77 per cent of whom have a fixed rate mortgage. 

Meanwhile, the other half of Canadians would either select a variable rate mortgage (19 per cent) or are undecided (26 per cent) about which type they'd choose – another surprising finding given that the vast majority (83 per cent) say they prefer 'predictability and stability over risk' when it comes to their finances. So, why the shift?

"There's a lot of noise in the market around mortgage rates, but when it comes to planning for your biggest household expense, rates should be only one part of the equation," says Tracy Best, Senior Vice President, Mobile Advice, CIBC.

"Most Canadians believe a fixed mortgage is the way to go – especially those in the early days of paying down their mortgage or juggling household expenses," says Ms. Best. "Conversely, for those considering a variable mortgage, they may benefit from a lower rate initially but also need to be comfortable that rates may change, potentially several times, over the course of the mortgage. If rates go up, they need to ask themselves how that might impact their lifestyle and financial health." 

While household debt is steadying across Canada, the poll finds that Canadian homeowners on average are still carrying about $170,000 on their mortgage. That average balance jumps to $252,000 among higher income earners making more than $100,000 a year.

"Choosing a variable rate mortgage can make a lot of sense for those with a smaller balance on their mortgage or on the cusp of being mortgage-free," says Ms. Best. "But if you're a homeowner with other debts linked to variable rates, you could be more sensitive to rate fluctuations, and may want to look at locking in for greater predictability on this part of your financial portfolio. Overall, the considerations are complex so getting advice can really help you meet your needs and financial goals."

The poll findings also reveal that one in five (22 per cent) Canadians aged 55+ have a mortgage, which on average sits at about $112,600. Among them, nearly half (47 per cent) expect to carry that debt well into retirement, and only 22 per cent expect to be mortgage-free in less than five years.

5 questions to ask yourself when considering a variable or fixed rate mortgage:

  1. Are you almost mortgage-free (a small outstanding balance and/or few years remaining)?
  2. Are you comfortable with your current debt load (e.g. credit card, loan, line of credit)?
  3. Are you comfortable with rates rising, potentially several times over your term?
  4. Have you met with a financial advisor to understand how rates can impact your overall financial plan?
  5. Do you have emergency savings that can help you weather any higher interest costs?

Mortgage poll key findings:

  • 77 per cent of Canadians with a mortgage have a fixed rate type, the rest (23 per cent) have variable
  • $170,000 is the average balance of their current mortgage
  • Among those (54 per cent) in the market for a mortgage in the next 12 months:
    • 54 per cent would choose a fixed rate mortgage;
    • 19 per cent would choose a variable rate mortgage, and
    • 26 per cent are undecided
  • 72 per cent think mortgage rates will increase in the next 12 months; 26 per cent think they'll stay the same
  • Majority (83 per cent) say they 'prefer predictability and stability over risk' when it comes to their finances
  • 60 per cent say getting the lowest rate possible is the only thing that matters when it comes to choosing what mortgage is right for you
  • Two in five (39 per cent) are concerned about their overall debt load (e.g. credit card, loans, line of credit)

About the CIBC Mortgage Poll:  On June 20, 2018 an online survey of 1509 randomly selected Canadian adults who are Maru Voice Canada panelists was executed by Maru/Blue. For comparison purposes, a probability sample of this size has an estimated margin of error (which measures sampling variability) of +/- 2.5%, 19 times out of 20. The results have been weighted by education, age, gender and region (and in Quebec, language) to match the population, according to Census data. This is to ensure the sample is representative of the entire adult population of Canada. Discrepancies in or between totals are due to rounding.

About CIBC

CIBC is a leading Canadian-based global financial institution with 11 million personal banking, business, public sector and institutional clients. Across Personal and Small Business Banking, Commercial Banking and Wealth Management, and Capital Markets businesses, CIBC offers a full range of advice, solutions and services through its leading digital banking network, and locations across Canada, in the United States and around the world. Ongoing news releases and more information about CIBC can be found at or by following on LinkedIn (, Twitter @CIBC, Facebook ( and Instagram @CIBCNow.

SOURCE CIBC - Consumer Research and Advice

For further information: Jessica Botelho, Public Relations, 416-980-8859 or